E- The 12 Links explained
Now what is aging and death? Whatever aging, decrepitude, brokenness, grayness of hair, wrinkling, decline of life, weakening of the faculties of the various beings in this or that group of beings, that is called aging. Whatever deceasing, passing away, breaking up, disappearance, dying, death, completion of time, break up of the aggregates, laying down of the body, interruption in the life faculty of the various beings in this or that group of beings, that is called death.
And what is birth? Whatever birth, taking birth, descent, coming-to-be, generation, appearance of aggregates, & acquisition of bases of the various beings in this or that group of beings, that is called birth.
And what is existence? There are three kinds of existence: sense-spherel existence, form -sphere existence, and formless-sphere existence. This is called existence.
And what is clinging? These four are clingings: clinging to sensual pleasures, clinging to views, clinging to rules and observances, and clinging to a doctrine of self. This is called clinging.
And what is craving? These six are classes of craving: craving for forms, craving for sounds, craving for smells, craving for tastes, craving for tactile objects, craving for mental phenomena. This is called craving.
And what is feeling? These six are classes of feeling: feeling born from eye-contact, feeling born from ear-contact, feeling born from nose-contact, feeling born from tongue-contact, feeling born from body-contact, feeling born from mind-contact. This is called feeling.
And what is contact? These six are classes of contact: eye-contact, ear-contact, nose-contact, tongue-contact, body-contact, mind-contact. This is called contact.
And what are the six sense bases? These six are sense bases: the eye-base, the ear-base, the nose-base, the tongue-base, the body-base, the mind-base. These are called the six sense bases.
And what is name-&-form? Feeling, perception, intention, contact, and attention: This is called name. The four great elements, and the form derived from the four great elements: This is called form. This name & this form are called name-&-form.
And what is consciousness? These six are classes of consciousness: eye-consciousness, ear-consciousness, nose-consciousness, tongue-consciousness, body-consciousness, intellect-consciousness. This is called consciousness.
And what are fabrications? These three are fabrications: bodily fabrications, verbal fabrications, mental fabrications. These are called fabrications.
And what is ignorance? Not knowing suffering, not knowing the origin of suffering, not knowing the cessation of suffering, not knowing the way leading to the cessation of suffering: This is called ignorance.
Katamañca bhikkhave, jarāmaraṇaṃ? Yā tesaṃ tesaṃ sattānaṃ tamhi tamhi sattanikāye jarā jīraṇatā khaṇḍiccaṃ pāliccaṃ valittacatā āyuno saṃhāni indriyānaṃ paripāko, ayaṃ vuccati jarā.
Katamañca bhikkhave, maraṇaṃ? tesaṃ tesaṃ sattānaṃ tamhā tamhā sattanikāyā cuti cavanatā bhedo antaradhānaṃ maccumaraṇaṃ kālakiriyā khandhānaṃ bhedo kalebarassa nikkhepo jīvitindriyassa upacchedo. Idaṃ vuccati maraṇaṃ. Iti ayañca jarā idañca maraṇaṃ, idaṃ vuccati bhikkhave, jarāmaraṇaṃ.
Katamā ca bhikkhave, jāti? Yā tesaṃ tesaṃ sattānaṃ tamhi tamhi sattanikāye jāti sañjāti okkanti nibbatti abhinibbatti, khandhānaṃ pātubhāvo āyatanānaṃ paṭilābho, ayaṃ vuccati bhikkhave, jāti.
Katamo ca bhikkhave, bhavo? Tayome bhikkhave, bhavā: kāmabhavo, rūpabhavo, arūpabhavo. Ayaṃ vuccati bhikkhave, bhavo.
Katamañca bhikkhave upādānaṃ? Cattārimāni bhikkhave, upādānāni: kāmūpadānaṃ, diṭṭhūpādānaṃ, sīlabbatūpādānaṃ, attavādūpādānaṃ. Idaṃ vuccati bhikkhave upādānaṃ.
Katamā ca bhikkhave taṇhā? Chayime bhikkhave, taṇhākāyā: rūpataṇhā saddataṇhā gandhataṇhā rasataṇhā phoṭṭhabbataṇhā dhammataṇhā. Ayaṃ vuccati bhikkhave taṇhā.
Katamā ca bhikkhave vedanā? Chayime bhikkhave, vedanākāyā: cakkhusamphassajā vedanā, sotasamphassajā vedanā, ghāṇasamphassajā vedanā, jivhāsamphassajā vedanā, kāyasamphassajā vedanā, manosamphassajā vedanā. Ayaṃ vuccati bhikkhave vedanā.
Katamo ca bhikkhave phasso? Chayime bhikkhave, phassakāyā: cakkhusamphasso, sotasamphasso, ghāṇasamphasso jivhāsamphasso, kāyasamphasso, manosamphasso. Ayaṃ vuccati bhikkhave, phasso.
Katamañca bhikkhave saḷāyatanaṃ? Cakkhāyatanaṃ sotāyatanaṃ ghāṇāyatanaṃ jivhāyatanaṃ kāyāyatanaṃ manāyatanaṃ. Idaṃ vuccati bhikkhave, saḷāyatanaṃ.
Katamañca bhikkhave nāmarūpaṃ? Vedanā saññā cetanā phasso manasikāro, idaṃ vuccati nāmaṃ. Cattāro ca mahābhūtā, catunnaṃ ca mahābhūtānaṃ upādāyarūpaṃ, idaṃ vuccati rūpaṃ. Iti idañca nāmaṃ, idañca rūpaṃ, idaṃ vuccati bhikkhave, nāmarūpaṃ.
Katamañca bhikkhave viññāṇaṃ? Chayime bhikkhave, viññāṇakāyā: cakkhuviññāṇaṃ sotaviññāṇaṃ ghāṇaviññāṇaṃ jivhāviññāṇaṃ kāyaviññāṇaṃ manoviññāṇaṃ. Idaṃ vuccati bhikkhave, viññāṇaṃ.
Katame ca bhikkhave saṅkhārā? Tayome bhikkhave, saṅkhārā: kāyasaṅkhāro vacīsaṅkhāro cittasaṅkhāro. Ime vuccanti bhikkhave, saṅkhārā.
Katamā ca bhikkhave avijjā? Yaṃ kho bhikkhave dukkhe aññāṇaṃ, dukkhasamudaye aññāṇaṃ, dukkhanirodhe aññāṇaṃ, dukkhanirodhagāminiyā paṭipadāya aññāṇaṃ, ayaṃ vuccati bhikkhave, avijjā.
SN 12.2 Paticca-samuppada-vibhanga Sutta: Analysis of Dependent Co-arising
Jarāmaraṇaṃ (nom. sg.) =ole age and death
sattānaṃ (gen. pl.)= of beings
tamhi tamhi sattanikāye (loc. sg.) =in whatever collection of beings
jarā (nom. sg.)= aging
jīraṇatā (nom. sg.)= decrepitude
khaṇḍiccaṃ (nom. sg.)= brokenness
pāliccaṃ (nom. sg.)= graying
valittacatā (nom. sg.)=wrinkling
āyuno saṃhāni (nom. sg.)= decline of life force
indriyānaṃ paripāko (nom. sg.)= weakening of te faculties
cuti (nom. sg.)=deceasing
cavanatā (nom. sg.)=passing away
bhedo (nom. sg.)= breaking up
antaradhānaṃ (nom. sg.)= disappearance
maccumaraṇaṃ (nom. sg.)= dying, death
kālakiriyā (nom. sg.)= completion of time
khandhānaṃ bhedo (nom. sg.)= break up of the aggregates
kalebarassa nikkhepo (nom. sg.)= casting ogg of the body
jīvitindriyassa upacchedo (nom. sg.)= interruption in the life faculty
Jāti (nom. sg.)= birth
sañjāti (nom. sg.)= taking birth
okkanti (nom. sg.)= descent
nibbatti (nom. sg.)=coming-to-be
abhinibbatti (nom. sg.)= coming-forth
khandhānaṃ pātubhāvo(nom. sg.)= appearance of aggregates
āyatanānaṃ paṭilābho (nom. sg.)= acquisition of [sense] bases,
Kāmabhavo (nom. sg.)= sensual existence
rūpabhavo (nom. sg.)= form existence
arūpabhavo (nom. sg.)= formless existence
Cattārimāni upādānāni (nom. pl.)= four clingings
kāmūpadānaṃ (nom. sg.)= clinging to sensual pleasures
diṭṭhūpādānaṃ (nom. sg.)= clinging to views
sīlabbatūpādānaṃ (nom. sg.)= clinging to rites and observances
attavādūpādānaṃ (nom. sg.)= clinging to the doctrine of a self
taṇhā (nom. sg.)= craving
rūpa- = form
sadda- = sound
gandha -= smell
rasa- = taste
phoṭṭhabba- = touch
dhamma- = mental object
cakkhu- = eye
vedanā (nom. sg.)= feeling
samphassa-jâ =born of contact
ghāṇa- = nose
jivhā- = tongue
kāya- = body
mano- = mind
āyatanaṃ (nom. sg.)= base
saññā (nom. sg.)= perception
cetanā (nom. sg.)= intention
manasikāro (nom. sg.)= attention
Cattāro mahābhūtā (nom. pl.)= the four great existents
catunnaṃ ca mahābhūtānaṃ upādāyarūpaṃ (nom. sg.)= and the form derived from the four great existents,
viññāṇaṃ (nom. sg.) = consciousness
Tayome (nom. pl.)= three
saṅkhārā (nom. pl.)= fabrications
citta- = mind
aññāṇaṃ (nom. sg.)= not knowing
dukkhe (loc. sg.) = of suffering
dukkhasamudaye (loc. sg.) = of the origin of suffering
dukkhanirodhe (loc. sg.) = of the cessation of suffering
dukkhanirodhagāminiyā paṭipadāya (nom. sg.)= the way leading to the cessation of suffering